Gardening is the preferable hobby of all. Ninety people’s out of 100 loves gardening. Not only sapling & seed implanting but also many more ways to make your gardening more attractive & makes your gardening enjoyable. One of the ways is Grafting. Grafting Is an ideal method of placing a portion of one plant upon a stem, root, or branch of another in such a way that a union will be formed & both the partners will continue to grow. It means a separate part that will place upon a mature branch & wrap both parts so that a new bud comes forth and both grow together. A part of the combination that provides the root is called stock; also, the added portion is called the scion. When more than two parts of wrapped, the middle piece is called The interlock. Besides, Where as the scion consists of a single bud, the method is called budding. This process will ensure your plant’s security if you carefully graft the scion into stock. To know detailed description about grafting, stay with us till the end. So, Let’s start.
Uses of Grafting
In the modern era, grafting is used for many purposes. To tighten plants is resistance to certain diseases, to keep varietal features, generate multi fruited or multi flowered plants, propagate particular species (such as hybrid rose or any other hybrid flower or fruits) that can be circulated in no other way, to refit injured trees etc. One of the most common reasons for any gardener is to produce dwarf trees and shrubs. In that case, through dwarfing or invigoration, the interaction of rootstocks may affect the stock’s performance in some cases and may get into quality. They are grafting most often used as a means of growth control with fruit trees and ornamentals such as hybrid Beli-flower, rose, blackberry etc. Fruit trees are usually determined of a scion grafted onto a rootstock. At times, an interlock is covered between the scion & stock. The rootstock may be grown from seedling rootstock or clonal rootstock. For example, grand many clonal rootstocks (asexual propagation) are available to give a complete & perfect range of dwarfing in the matter of apple.
Techniques of grafting & budding
Those who work at a nursery and fruit tree producers must know about the techniques of grafting & budding. Those who are hobbyists of ornamental tree producer & works with producing dwarf plants should also know about these techniques very well.
In grafting, the upper part, called scion, of one plant grows on the root system (rootstock) of another plant.
At first, use a sharp knife & make cuts approximately 1 inch long at the basis of the scion & at the selected place on the rootstock. Clonally rootstock should be grafted 10-12 inches over the roots. Seedling is grafted 1-2 inches on the roots.
Make a second cut one-third of the way in every part to form the ‘tongue’.
Finally, wrap the scion portion & the rootstock together, so the cut surfaces match, preferably on both sides.
Complete the whip & tongue grafting operation by tying the graft with a rubber band, tape, or film & painting with a tree dressing. The simple version of this grafting technique, the whip graft, is also used to graft many vegetables.
Budding is accomplished by inserting a mature single bud of the desired cultivar into the rootstock in contact with the cambium.
Proper timing of grafting
Grafting comprehends budding & is usually doing in winter or early spring with dormant scion wood. During the late growing season (July, August, or early September), the budding procedure is doing at other times.
Grafting VS Seedling
Specific rootstock played a vital role for a budding system rather than seedling rootstock. When anyone tries to implant a seed, insects try to destroy the establishing root system. Also, excess water-absorbing may gangrene the germination. So, it’s better to follow grafting than seedling rootstock.
Sometimes, many selections of plants will not reconstruct true from seeds which is possible through grafting & it also enhanced scion’s growth due to its rootstock form, such as fruit varieties like apple, flowering ornamentals etc.
Besides, definite fruit trees are not self-fertile. It requires cross-pollination by an opposite fruit tree, usually of another variety. Many hollies are dioeciously; its given plant has either male or female, not both. It causes less economic production. In that case, cross-pollination will be increased by grafting a scion from a male plant upon a female.
Most commonly, grafting is using nowadays for giving a desired shape to a plant that may create a design such as hearts, or stay dwarf or anything gardener can envision.
However, grafting is more effective than seedling rootstock in high production and safe ornamental plantation. It also ensures plants security more than a seedling, as we know from the above discussion.
Grafting is considered an advanced process of regenerating a plant. If all the method followed adequately in the grafting, you will surely get a novel look & can reactivate your plant newly. Just make sure that the wrapping is doing correctly and both portions secured. If you are a gardening hobbyists, you should try this process to enhance your garden’s beauty & give a new shape to your trees.